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Research in the Sierra Madre Occidental of Eastern Sonora, Mexico:

Hummingbird Plants of the Yécora Region and the Hummingbirds Recorded Visiting Them

 

Plants visited by hummingbirds in eastern Sonora arranged by season and vegetation type. * = Cultivated species. ** = Non-native species.
          Abbreviations: FC = flower color, GR = green, LV = lavender, MG = magenta, NS = number of species, OR = orange, PK = pink, PP = purple, RD = red, VAR = various colors, WT = white, YW = yellow.
          Hummingbirds: ANHU = Anna's hummingbird, BBLH = broad-billed hummingbird, BCHU = black-chinned hummingbird, BEHU = berylline hummingbird, BLUH = blue-throated hummingbird, BTLH =
                  broad-tailed hummingbird, CAHU = calliope hummingbird, COHU = Costa's hummingbird, MAHU = magnificent hummingbird, PCST = plain-capped starthroat, RUHU = rufous hummingbird,
                  VCHU = violet-crowned hummingbird, WEHU = white-eared hummingbird.
Plant COMMON NAME FC NS ANHU BBLH BCHU BEHU BLHU BTLH CAHU COHU MAHU PCST RUHU VCHU WEHU
     SPRING: FOOTHILLS THORNSCRUB            
Anisacanthus thurberi desert honeysuckle OR 3 x x  x  
Bougainvilla spectabilis* bugambilia MG, WT 2   x x
Callaeum macropterum gallinitas YW 2 x x
Coursetia glandulosa sámota YW, WT 1 x
Fouquieria macdougalii tree ocotillo, ocotillo macho RD 4 x x x x
Guaiacum coulteri guayacán PP 1 x
Havardia mexicana palo chino WT 3 x x x
Ipomoea bracteata wild jícama PP 2 x x
Lycium andersonii wolfberry WT 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 1 x
Opuntia gosseliniana durasnilla, prickly pear YW 1 x
Stenocereus thurberi pitahaya, organpipe cactus WT 1 x
Vitex mollis uvalama LV 2 x x
     N =13
     SPRING: TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST
Anisacanthus andersonii limita RD 5 x x x x x
Bauhinia variegata* orchid tree, orquidia PP 1 x
Fouquieria macdougalii tree ocotillo, ocotillo macho RD 3 x x x
Ipomoea arborescens palo santo, tree morning glory WT 1 x
Ipomoea bracteata wild jícama PP 5 x x x x x
Justicia candicans rama del toro RD 1 x
Lobelia laxiflora bellflower RD 3 x x x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 2 x   x
Opuntia ficus-indica* nopal, prickly pear YW 1 x
Opuntia karwinskiana* nopal, prickly pear RD 2 x x
Rosa sp.* rosal, rose RD 1 x
Tetramerium abditum rama del toro RD 1 x
   N = 12
     SPRING: OAK WOODLAND
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 1 x
   N =1
SPRING: PINE-OAK FOREST
Arbutus xalapensis madroño GR-WT 2 x x
Arctostaphylos pungens manzanita WT, PK 1 x
Castilleja tenuifolia periquito, Indian paintbrush RD,YW 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 3 x x x
Ribes dugesii gooseberry PP 1 x
Salvia elegans pineapple sage RD 1 x   x
   N = 6
     EARLY SUMMER: FOOTHILLS THORNSCRUB  
Vitex mollis uvalama LV 1 x
   N = 1
Locality COMMON NAME FC NS ANHU BBLH BCHU BEHU BLHU BTLH CAHU COHU MAHU PCST RUHU VCHU WEHU
EARLY SUMMER: TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST
   N = 0 0
EARLY SUMMER: OAK WOODLAND
Cuphea llavea bat-faced monkeyflower RD-PP 1 x
Mandevilla foliosa hierba del piojo YW 5 x x x x x
Zinnia peruviana india, wild zinnia RD 1   x  
   N = 3
     EARLY SUMMER: PINE-OAK FOREST
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 2 x x
Salvia elegans pineapple sage RD 3 x x
   N = 2
     LATE SUMMER: FOOTHILLS THORNSCRUB  
Antigonon leptopus samiguelito, queen's wreath RD 2 x x
Caesalpinia pulcherima tabachín, red bird-of-paradise RD, YW 2 x x
Fouquieria macdougalii tree ocotillo, ocotillo macho RD 1 x
Merremia palmeri trompillo, morning glory vine WT 2 x x
   N = 4
     LATE SUMMER: TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST
Caesalpinia pulcherima tabachín, red bird-of-paradise RD, YW 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 2 x x
Operculina pteripes trompillo, morning glory vine RD 1 x
   N = 3
     LATE SUMMER: OAK WOODLAND    
Antirrhinum majus* perritos, snapdragon VAR 1 x
Bouvardia ternifolia cigarrito, scarlet bouvardia RD 2 x x
Cologania cf. angustifolia frijol, pea vine PK 1 x
Cuphea llavea bat-faced monkeyflower RD-PP 2 x x
Nerium oleander* laurel, oleander WT 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 2 x x
Salvia betulaefolia Maycoba sage RD 5 x x x x x
Salvia elegans pineapple sage RD 1 x
Zinnia peruviana india, wild zinnia RD 3 x x x
   N = 9
     LATE SUMMER: PINE-OAK FOREST
Antirrhinum majus* perritos, snapdragon VAR 1 x
Bouvardia ternifolia cigarrito, scarlet bouvardia RD 1 x
Castilleja patriotica periquito, Indian paintbrush OR-YW 4 x x x x
Centaurea rothrockii Madrean starthistle, cardo WT, PP 3 x x x
Dianthus caryophyllus* clavel, carnation RD 1 x
Gladiolus sp.* gladiola RD 1 x
Impatiens balsamina* impatiens VAR 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 7 x x x x x x x
Rosa sp.* rosal, rose RD 1 x
Salvia elegans pineapple sage RD 6 x x x x x x
Stachys coccinea Texas betony RD 12 x x x x x x x x x x x x
Tropaeolium majus* mastuerzo, nasturtium OR 1 x
   N = 12
Locality COMMON NAME FC NS ANHU BBLH BCHU BEHU BLHU BTLH CAHU COHU MAHU PCST RUHU VCHU WEHU
     WINTER: FOOTHILLS THORNSCRUB  
Anisacanthus thurberi desert honeysuckle OR 1 x
Coursetia glandulosa sámota WT, YW 1 x
Fouquieria macdougalii tree ocotillo, ocotillo macho RD 2 x x
Havardia mexicana palo chino WT 3 x x x
Merremia palmeri trompillo, morning glory vine WT 1 x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 1 x
   N = 6
Plant FC NS ANHU BBLH BCHU BEHU BLHU BTLH CAHU COHU MAHU PCST RUHU VCHU WEHU
     WINTER: TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST
Ipomoea arborescens palo santo, tree morning glory WT 6 x x x x x x
Justicia candicans rama del toro RD 3   x x x
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 3 x x x
   N = 3
     WINTER: OAK WOODLAND
   N = 0
     WINTER: PINE-OAK FOREST
Nicotiana glauca** juanloco, tree tobacco YW 1 x
Ribes dugesii gooseberry PP 1 x
Salvia elegans pineapple sage RD 1 x
   N = 3