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Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico

Tropical Succulents

Tropical deciduous forest is rich in succulents. Succulent plants can survive on very little rainfall, but it must occur regularly. The succulent lifeform is better adapted to semiarid habitats, where rainfall is low but dependable, than it is to very arid deserts where long droughts may occur. TDF is so rich in succulent and semisucculent trees that it cannot carry fire during the dry season.

The following list consists of the known succulent species of southern Sonora. Click on this link for a definition of succulent.

AGAVACEAE
Agave aktites
Agave angustifolia angustifolia
Agave angustifolia rubescens
Agave bovicornuta
Agave colorata
Agave felgeri
Agave jaiboli
Agave polianthiflora
Agave rhodacantha
Agave shrevei magna
Agave shrevei shrevei
Agave vilmoriniana
Agave vivipara vivipara
Agave wocomahi
Hesperaloe tenuifolia
Manfreda jaliscana
Manfreda planifolia
Manfreda singuliflora
Yucca grandiflora
Yucca madrensis

AIZOACEAE
Sesuvium portulacastrum
Trianthema portulacastrum

ALOACEAE
Aloe vera

APOCYNACEAE
Plumeria rubra

ASCLEPIADACEAE
Asclepias subaphylla
Asclepias subulata

BOMBACACEAE
Ceiba acuminata
Pseudobombax palmeri

BROMELIACEAE
Bromelia alsodes
Hechtia montana
Tillandsia caput-medusae

BURSERACEAE
Bursera fagaroides elongata
Bursera grandifolia
Bursera lancifolia
Bursera laxiflora
Bursera microphylla
Bursera penicillata
Bursera simaruba
Bursera stenophylla

CACTACEACE
Columnar Cacti
Carnegiea gigantea
Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum
Pachycereus pringlei
Pachycereus schottii
Pilosocereus alensis
Stenocereus alamosanus
Stenocereus alamosanus X S. thurberi
Stenocereus montanus
Stenocereus thurberi

Other Cacti
Cylindropuntia thurberi
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis X thurberi
Cylindropuntia(?) pubescens (=pumila)
Echinocereus laui
Echinocereus leucanthus
Echinocereus polyacanthus
Echinocereus rigidissimus rubispinus
Echinocereus scheeri
Echinocereus stoloniferus
Echinocereus subinermis

Ferocactus alamosanus
Ferocactus emoryi
Ferocactus herrerae
Ferocactus pottsii
Mammillaria bocensis bocensis
Mammillaria bocensis movasana
Mammillaria grahamii
Mammillaria mainiae
Mammillaria marksiana
Mammillaria mazatlanensis monocentra
Mammillaria saboae haudeana
Mammillaria standleyi
Mammillaria wrightii wilcoxii
Mammillaria yaquensis
Nopalea karwinskiana
Opuntia cf. durangensis
Opuntia fulgida mammillata
Opuntia gosseliniana
Opuntia macrorhiza
var. nov.
Opuntia phaeacantha
Opuntia puberula
Opuntia robusta
Opuntia wilcoxii
Peniocereus marianus
Peniocereus striatus
Pereskiopsis porteri
Selenicereus vagans

COCHLOSPERMACEAE
Cochlospermum vitifolium

CONVOLVULACEAE
Ipomoea arborescens arborescens
Ipomoea arborescens pachylutea

CRASSULACEAE
Echeveria chihuahuaensis
Echeveria craigiana
Echeveria paniculata
Graptopetalum filiferum
Graptopetalum pusillum
Graptopetalum rusbyi
Sedum alamosanum
Sedum chihuahuense -- ?
Sedum lumholtzii
Sedum cf. madrense
Sedum mellitulum
Sedum
cf. semiteres
Sedum stelliforme
Sedum vinicolor
Tacitus bellus
Villadia cf. pringlei

CUCURBITACEAE
Apodanthera undulata
Cucurbita foetidissima
Cucurbita palmeri
Ibervillea fusiformis
Ibervillea sonorae
Momordica charantia
Tumamoca macdougalii

EUPHORBIACEAE
Euphorbia californica
Euphorbia colletioides
Euphorbia gentryi
Jatropha cinerea
Jatropha cordata
Jatropha cuneata
Jatropha malacophylla
Jatropha purpurea
Manihot aesculifolia
Manihot caudata
Manihot rubricaulis
Pedilanthus bracteatus
Pedilanthus macrocarpus

FOUQUIERIACEAE
Fouquieria diguetii
Fouquieria macdougalii

MORACEAE
Ficus cotinifolia
Ficus insipida
subsp. insipida
Ficus maxima
Ficus pertusa
Ficus petiolaris

Ficus trigonata

ORCHIDACEAE
Brassavola cucullata
Cyrtopodium punctatum

Encyclia adenocarpon
Encyclia microbulbon
Encyclia trachycarpa
Guarianthe (Cattleya) aurantiaca
Laelia eyermaniana
Oncidium cebolleta

PORTULACACEAE
Portulaca oleracea
Portulaca pilosa
Portulaca suffrutescens
Portulaca umbraticola
Portulaca yecorensis
Talinum marginatum
Talinum multiflorum
Talinum paniculatum
Talinum triangulare

VITACEAE
Cissus mexicana
Cissus sp.
Cissus tiliacea
Cissus trifoliata
Cissus verticillata