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Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico

Stenocereus thurberi (organ pipe cactus, pitahaya [dulce])


Stenocereus thurberi in tropical deciduous forest, near Alamos, Sonora. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

Residents of the United States tend to think of organ pipe cactus as a desert species to be sought in the National Monument that bears its name. In fact plants of this species attain their greatest density in the coastal thornscrub of southern Sonora. The species also occurs in tropical deciduous forest; here the plants may grows quite tall, but are seldom common because of competition with trees.

The flowers open at night and are pollinated primarily by nectar-feeding bats. The bats are also major consumers of the fruit and effective seed-dispersers. Several species of birds eat the fruits and disperse seeds.

People also relish the fruit, which is one of the tastiest cactus fruits in the Sonoran Desert region. The dense groves of pitahaya dulce on the coastal plain of Sonora are commercially harvested on a small scale by the Mayo Indians. It must be consumed quickly because it does not ship or keep well.

 

 

 

 

 





Stenocereus thurberi in coastal thornscrub near the Mayo fishing village of Las Bocas. This narrow coastal strip in southern Sonora supports a pitahayal of extraordinary density. Much of it has been destroyed by development for crops and shrimp farms. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

Flower of Stenocereus thurberi. Photo: Mark Dimmitt



Stenocereus thurberi visited by a hawkmoth, Manduca ******. Moths may contribute to pollination, but this individual does not appear to be contacting pollen or stigma. Photo: Mark Dimmitt