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Migratory Pollinators Program

LITERATURE CITED

Ackery, P. R., and R. I. Vane-Wright.  1984.  Milkweed Butterflies: Their Cladistics and Biology.  Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Ackery, P. R., and R. I. Vane-Wright.  1985.  Patterns of Plant Utilization by Danaine Butterflies.  Third Congress of European Lepidoptera, Cambridge, England (1982).

Alcock, J.  1993.  The Masked Bobwhite Rides Again.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Alcorn, S. M., S. E. McGregor, and G. Olin.  1959.  Pollination of the saguaro cactus by  doves, nectar-feeding bats, and honey bees.  Science 133:1594-1595.

Allen-Wardell, G., P. Bernhardt, R. Bitner, A. Búrquez, S. Buchmann, J. Cane, V. Dalton, P. Feinsinger, M. Ingram, D. Inouye, C. Jones, K. Kennedy, P. Kevan, H. Koopowitz, R. Medellín, S. Medellín-Morales, G. P. Nabhan, B. Pavlik, V. Tepedino, P. Torchio, and S. Walker.  1998.  The potential consequences of pollinator declines on the conservation of biodiversity and stability of food crop yields.  Conservation Biology 12:8-17.

Alonso-Mejia, A., E. Rendon-Salinas, E. Montesinos-Petino, and L. P. Brower.  1997.  Use of lipid reserves by monarch butterflies overwintering in Mexico: implications for conservation.  Ecological Applications 7:934-947.

Arends, A., F. J. Bonaccorso, and M. Genoud.  1995.  Basal rates of metabolism of nectarivorous bats (Phyllostomidae) from a semiarid thorn forest in Venezuela.  Journal of Mammalogy 76:947-956.

Arita, H., and K. Santos del Prado.  1999.  Conservation of nectar-feeding bats in Mexico.  Journal of Mammalogy 80(1):31-41.

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Bender, M. M.  1971.  Variations in the 13C/ 12C ratios of plants in relation to the pathway of photosynthetic carbon dioxide fixation.  Phytochemistry 10:1239-1244.

Brower, L. P. 1985.  New perspectives on the migration biology of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus.  Pages 748-785 in M. A. Rankin (ed.), Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance.  University of Texas, Austin, Texas. 

Brower, L. P.  1995.  Understanding and misunderstanding the migration of the monarch butterfly (Nymphalidae) in North America: 1857-1995.  Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 49:304-385.

Brower, L. P.  1996.  Monarch butterfly orientation: missing pieces of a magnificent puzzle.  Journal of Experimental Biology 199:93-103.

Brower, L. P.  1997.  A new paradigm in biodiversity conservation: endangered biological phenomena.  Pages 115-118 in G. K. Meffe and C. R. Carroll (eds.) Principles of Conservation Biology.  Sinauer, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Brower, L. P.  1999a.  Oyzmel forest ecosystem conservation in Mexico is necessary to prevent the extinction of the  migratory phenomenon of the monarch butterfly in North America.  Pages 41-50  in U. C. Secretariat and P. Canevari (eds.), Proceedings of the CMS Symposium on Animal Migration (Gland, Switzerland, 13 April 1997).  United Nations Environment Programme, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (UNEP/CMS), Bonn, The Hague.

Brower, L. P.  1999b.  Will biotechnology doom the monarch?  Defenders 79:39-41.

Brower, L. P., and S. B. Malcolm.  1989.  Endangered phenomena.  Wings 14:3-10.

Brower, L. P., and S. B. Malcolm.  1991.  Animal migrations: endangered phenomena.  American Zoologist 31:265-276.

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Brower, L. P., and R. M. Pyle.  In press.  The interchange of migratory monarchs between Mexico and the western United States, and the importance of floral corridors to the Fall and Spring migrations.  In G. Nabhan (ed.), Conservation of Migratory Pollinators and their Nectar Corridors in North America.  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Region, No. 2.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Brown, D. E.  1989.  Arizona Game Birds.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Brown, J. J., and G. M. Chippendale.  1974.  Migration of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus: energy sources.  J. Insect Physiol. 20:1117-1130.

Bucher, E. H.  1992.  The causes of extinction of the passenger pigeon.  Current Ornithology 9:1-36.

Buchmann, S. L., and G. P. Nabhan. 1996.  The Forgotten Pollinators.  Island Press, Washington D. C.

Búrquez M., A., A. Martínez-Yrzar, M. Miller, K. Rojas, M. Quintana, and D. Yetman.1996.  Mexican grasslands and the changing aridlands of Mexico: an overview and a case study in northwestern Mexico.  Pages 21-32 in B. Yellamn, D. M. Finch, C. Edminster, and R. Hamre (eds.), The Future of Arid Grasslands: Identifying Issues, Seeking Solutions.  Proceedings RMRS-P-3, U.S. Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Station, Ft. Collins, Colorado. 

Calder, W. A. 1987.  Southbound through Colorado: migration of rufous hummingbirds.  National Geographic Research 3:40-51.

Calder, W. A. 1993.  Rufous hummingbird.  Selasphorus rufus. The Birds of North America No.   53:1-18.

Calder, W. A. 1999.  Hummingbirds in Rocky Mountain meadows.  Pages 149-168 in K. Able (ed.), A Gathering of Angels: The Ecology and Conservation of Migratory Birds.  Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Calder, W. A.  In Press.  Rufous and broad-tailed hummingbirds: pollination, migration, and population biology.  In G. P. Nabhan (ed.), Conservation of Migratory Pollinators and Their Nectar Corridors in North America.  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Region, No. 2.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona. Calder, W. A., and L. L. Calder.  1992.  Broad-tailed hummingbird.  Selasphorus platycercus.  The Birds of North America No. 16:1-15.

Ceballos, G., T. H. Fleming, C. Chavez, and J. Nassar.  1997.  Population dynamics of Leptonycteris curasoae (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in Jalisco, Mexico.  Journal of Mammalogy 78: 1220-1230.

Cockrum, E. L. 1969.  Migration in the guano bat, Tadarida brasiliensis.  University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication 51:303-336.

Cockrum, E. L. 1991.  Seasonal distribution of northwestern populations of the long-nosed bats Leptonycteris sanborni Family Phyllostomidae.  Anales del Instituto de Biologia Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México Serie Zoologia 62:181-202.

Cody, M. L. 1983.  The land birds.  Pages 210-245 in T. J. Case and M. L. Cody (eds.),  Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortéz.  University of California Press, Berkeley, California. 

Collins B. G., G. J. Grey, and S. McNee.  1990.  Foraging and nectar use in nectarivorous bird communities.  Studies in Avian Biology 13:110-122.

Cottam, C., and J. B. Trefethen.  1968.  Whitewings: The Life History, Status, and Management of the White-winged Dove.  D. Van Nostrand, Princeton, New Jersey.

Crosswhite, F. S., and C. D. Crosswhite.  1981.  Hummingbird pollinators of flowers in the red-yellow segment of the color spectrum, with special reference to Penstemon and the 'open habitat.'  Desert Plants 3:156-170.

Des Granges, J.  1979.  Organization of a tropical nectar feeding bird guild in a variable tropical environment.  The Living Bird 17:199-236.

Ehleringer, J. R.  1989.  Carbon isotope ratios and physiological processes in aridland plants.  Pages 41-54 in P. W. Rundel, J. R. Ehleringer, and K. A. Nagy (eds.), Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research.  Springer-Verlag, New York.

Emblidge, A., and E. Schuster.  1999.  Saving pollinators.  Zoogoer 28(1):11-15.

Ewing, W. G., E. H. Studier, and M. J. O'Farrell.  1970.  Autumn fat deposition and gross body composition in three species of Myotis.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 36:119-129.

Fleming, T. H.  1995.  The use of stable isotopes to study the diets of plant-visiting bats.  Pages 99-110 in P.A. Racey, U. McDonnell, and S. Swift (eds.), Bats: Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution.  Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Fleming, T. H.  In Press.  Nectar corridors: migration and the annual cycle of lesser long-nosed bats. In G. P. Nabhan (ed.), Conservation of Migratory Pollinators and Their Nectar Corridors in North America.  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Region, No. 2.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Fleming, T. H., and P. Eby.  2001.  The ecology of bat migration.  In T. Kunz and M. B. Fenton (eds.), Bat Ecology.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Fleming, T. H., and J. Nassar.  2002. The population biology of a nectar-feeding bat, Leptonycteris curasoae, in Mexico and northern South America.  In T. H. Fleming and Valiente-Banuet (eds.), Columnar Cacti and Their Mutualists: Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation.  University of Arizona, Press, Tucson.

Fleming, T. H., R. A. Nunez, and L. S.Sternberg.  1993.  Seasonal changes in the diets of migrant and non-migrant nectarivorous bats as revealed by carbon stable isotope analysis.  Oecologia 94:72-75.

Fleming, T. H., T. Tibbitts, Y. Petryszyn, and V. Dalton.  2001.  Current status of pollinating bats in the southwestern United States.  In T. O'Shea and M. Bogan (eds.), Monitoring Bat Populations in the United States.  USGS Publication.

Fleming, T. H., M. D. Tuttle, and M. A. Horner.  1996.  Pollination biology and the relative importance of nocturnal and diurnal pollinators in three species of Sonoran Desert columnar cacti.  Southwestern Naturalist 41:257-269.

Freeman, P. W.  1995.  Nectarivorous feeding mechanisms in bats.  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56:439-463.

Gannes, L. Z., C. Martínez del Rio, and P. Kock.  1998.  Natural abundance variations in stable isotopes and their uses in animal physiological ecology.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 119A:725-737.

Gannes, L. Z., D. M. O'Brien, and C. Martínez del Rio.  1997.  Stable isotopes in animal ecology: assumptions, caveats and a call for more laboratory experiments.  Ecology 78:1271-1276.

García, E. R., and M. E. E. Zamora.  1997.  New records of plant species used by adult monarch butterflies Danaus plexippus L. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae) during migration in Mexico.  The Canadian Entomologist 129:375-376.

Gentry, H. S.  1942.  Río Mayo plants.  A study of the Río Mayo, Sonora.  Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 527, Washington, D.C.

Goodwin, D.  1983.  Pigeons and Doves of the World.  Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.

Haughey, R. A.  1986.  Diet of Desert-nesting Western White-winged Doves, Zenaida asiatica mearnsi.  Masters thesis.  Arizona State University, Tempe.

Heithaus, E. R.  1982.  Coevolution of bats and plants.  Pages 327-367 in T. H. Kunz  (ed.), Ecology of Bats.  Plenum Press, New York.

Heitzman, R.  1962.  Butterfly migrations in March in northern Mexico.  Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 16:249-250.

Horner, M. A., T. H. Fleming, and C. T. Sahley.  1998.  Foraging behaviour and energetics of a nectar-feeding bat Leptonycteris curasoae (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae).  Journal of Zoology 244:575-586.

Howell, D. J.  1974.  Bats and pollen: physiological aspects of the syndrome of chiropterophily.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 48:263-276.

Hurlbert, S.  1997.  Functional importance vs. keystoneness: reformulating some questions in theoretical ecology. Australian J. Ecology 22:369-382.

Jenson, P.  2000.  Mapping the West's monarch migration.  Sunset (November), p. 46.

Johnsgard, P. A.  1997.  The Hummingbirds of North America.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C.

Kremen, C., and  T. Ricketts.  2000.  Global perspectives on pollinator disruptions.  Conservation Biology 14(5):1226-1229.

Lyon, D. L.  1976.  A montane hummingbird territorial system in Oaxaca, Mexico.  The Wilson Bulletin 88:280-299.

Malcolm, S. B.  1993.  Conservation of monarch butterfly migration in North America: an endangered phenomenon.  Pages 357-361 in S. B. Malcolm and M. P. Zalucki (eds.), Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly.  Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles.

Marshall, J. T.  1957.  Birds of the Pine-Oak Woodland in southern Arizona and adjacent Mexico.  Cooper Ornithological Society.  Pacific Avifauna No. 32:1-125.

Martin, P. S., D. Yetman, M. Fishbein, P. Jenkins, T. R. Van Devender, R. K. Wilson.  1998.   Gentry's Río Mayo plants.  The tropical deciduous forest and environs of northwest Mexico.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

Martínez del Rio, C.  2001.  Travels and tribulations of two migrant pollinators: long-nosed bats & white-winged doves.  Wild Earth 11(2):14-18.

Martínez del Rio, C., B. O. Wolf, and R. A. Haughey.  In PressSaguaros and white-winged doves: the natural history of an uneasy partnership. In G. P. Nabhan (ed.), Conservation of Migratory Pollinators and Their Nectar Corridors in North America.  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Region, No.    2.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

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McAuliffe, J. R.  1984.  Sahuaro-nurse tree associations in the Sonoran Desert: competitive effects of sahuaros.  Oecologia 64:319-321.

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Nabhan, G. P.  In Press.  Stresses on pollinators during migration: is nectar availability at stopovers the weak link in plant-pollinator conservation?  In G. P. Nabhan (ed.), Conservation of Migratory Pollinators and their Nectar Corridors in  North America.  Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Natural History of the Sonoran Desert Region, No. 2. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizona.

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Powers, D. R., and S. M. Wethington.  1999.  Broad-billed Hummingbird.  Cynanthus latirostris.  The Birds of North America No. 430:1-17.

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Pyle, R. M.  1983a.  Monarch butterfly: threatened phenomenon. Mexican winter roosts.  Pages 463-466 in S. M. Wells, R. M. Pyle, and N. M. Collins (eds.), The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book.  International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland.

Pyle, R. M.  1983b.  Monarch butterfly: Threatened phenomenon. Californian winter roosts.  Pages 467-470 in S. M. Wells, R. M. Pyle, and N. M. Collins (eds.), The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book.  International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland.

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