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Research and Conservation in Southern Sonora, Mexico

Peniocereus striatus (dahlia-rooted cactus, sacamatraca)

 


Peniocereus striatus usually grows among shrubs, but is difficult to see even when in the open. Near La Poza, BCS. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

Stem of Peniocereus striatus. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

Flower of Peniocereus striatus. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

Peniocereus striatus is easy to find only when in flower or fruit (above). Near La Paz, BCS. Photo: Mark Dimmitt

 


Stems of Peniocereus striatus (left) and Euphorbia cryptospinosa. Photo: Mark Dimmitt
The stems of Peniocereus striatus are remarkably convergent with those of the African succulent Euphorbia cryptospinosa. In addition to the visual similarities, the stomates of both species are concentrated in the stem grooves. The grooves provide a more humid microenvironment where transpiration is reduced. When the stems are dehydrated from drought, the grooves close, reducing the surface area exposed to transpiration as well as sealing off most of the stomates.

 

 

 


Roots of a cultivated cutting-grown Peniocereus striatus. Photo: Mark Dimmitt