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Migratory Pollinators Program

Table 4 
Additional hummingbird plants likely to be used elsewhere in Sonora based on feeding observations in the southwestern United States or farther south in Mexico

Family Scientific Name Common Name Form Type Flower Color Hummingbird(s) (Source)

Agavaceae

Agave deserti

Desert Agave; maguey

RS

Y

COHU(1)

 

Agave parryi

Parry agave; maguey

RS

Y

BBLH(3), MAHU(2)

 

Agave schottii

Shindagger; amole

RS

Y

BBLH(3)

 

Agave palmeri

Agave palmeri

RS

W

RUHU, BLCH, ANHU, VCHU, BTLH, BBLH, COHU, MAHU (13, 14)

Asclepiadaceae

Asclepias subulata

Desert milkweed; candelilla

SH

W

COHU(1)

Bignoniaceae

Chilopsis linearis

Desert willow; mimbre

TR

W, P

BBLH(3), COHU(1), LUHU(4)

Cactaceae

Echinocereus coccineus

Claret cup cactus

HC

R

BTLH(5)

 

Echinocereus polyacanthus

Claret cup cactus

HC

RO

MAHU(6)

 

Opuntia acanthocarpa

Buckhorn cholla; siviri

STS

Y, O, R

COHU(1)

Carophyllaceae

Silene laciniata

Indian pink. 

PH

R

ANHU(2), BTLH(5), MAHU(6)

Caprifoliaceae

Lonicera involucrata

Honeysuckle

 

 

MAHU(2)

Compositae

Cirsium neomexicanum

New Mexican thistle; cardo

PH

PU

BBLH(3)

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea quamoclit

Scarlet quamoclit; trompillo

AV

R

CIHU(8)

Hydrophyllaceae

Wigandia urens

 

SH

W

CAHU(9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labiatae

Hyptis albida

Desert lavender; salvia

SH

PU-BP

COHU(1)

 

Hyptis mutabilis

 

SH

PL-PU

(9)

 

Leonotis nepetaefolia

Lion's ear; cordoncillo de San Francisco

IAH

O

MAHU(6)

 

Salvia lemmonii

Salvia; chía

PH

LP, C

BBLH(3)

Leguminosae: Mimosoideae

 

Chloroleucon mangense

 

Ape's earring; palo fierro/pinto

 

TR

 

W

 

BBLH(3,8)

Leguminosae: Papilionoideae

 

Erythrina flabelliformis

 

Coral bean; chilicote

 

 

 

R

 

(2)

Loasaceae

Eucnide cordata

Rock nettle; pega-pega

PH

CR

COHU(1)

Loranthaceae

Psittacanthus calycosus

Mistletoe/toji

WP

O

BEHU, CIHU, VCHU(9)

Nyctaginaceae

Mirabilis jalapa

Four o'clock; maravilla

SS

M

BBLH(3), LUHU(4), XAHU(10)

Onagraceae

Epilobium canum

Wild fuchsia

PH

R

ALHU(2), BBLH(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ranunculaceae

Delphinium scaposum

Barestem larkspur; espuelita de campo

PH

L-PU-B

COHU(1)

Scrophulariaceae

Lamourouxia viscosa

 

PH

P

BLHU, BLUH, MAHU(6,11)

Scrophulariaceae

Mimulus cardinalis var. verbenaceus

Crimson monkeyflower

PH

RO

(2)

 

Penstemon barbatus

Scarlet bugler

PH

R

BBLH(3), BTLH, RUHU(5,7,12)

Solanaceae

Lycium exsertum

Wolfberry

SH

W

COHU(1)

 

Nicotiana obtusifolia

Wild tobacco

PAH

YG

(12)

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea divaricata

Creosote bush; gobernadora, hediondilla

SH

 

COHU(1)

From (1) Baltosser and Scott (1996), (2) Johnsgard (1997), (3) Powers and Wethington (1999), (4) Scott (1994), (5) Calder and Calder (1992), (6) Powers (1996), (7) Calder (1993), (8) Arizmendi and Ornelas (1990), (9) Des Granges (1979), (10) Arriaga et al. (1990), (11) Lyon (1976), and (12) Crosswhite and Crosswhite (1981), (13) Karen Krebbs (pers. comm., 2002in), (14) Lange and Scott (2001). 

Life forms/types
AH = annual herb, AV = annual vine, C = cultivated, H = herb, HC = hedgehog cactus, HV = herbaceous vine, I = introduced, P = parasitic, PAH = perrenial/annual herb, PH = perennial herb, PP = prickly pear, PV = perennial vine, RS = rosette succulent, SC = shrub cactus, SH = shrub, SS = subshrub, STS = stem succulent, SUH = suffrutescent herb, TC = tree cactus, TR = tree, TS = tree shrub, WP = woody parasite, WV = woody vine. 

Flower colors
BP = blue-purple, C = crimson, CR = cream, F = fuschia, GW = greenish white, L = lavender, LG = light green, LP = lavender pink, M = magenta, O = orange, P = pink, PE = peach, PL = pale lavendar, PU = purple, PY = pale yellow, R = red, RO = red- orange, RS = rose, S = salmon, W = white, Y = yellow, YG = yellow-green. 

Hummingbird abbreviations
ALHU = Allen's hummingbird (Selasphorus sasin)
ANHU = Anna's hummingbird (Calypte anna)
BBLH = Broad-billed hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)
BCHU = Black-chinned hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)
BEHU = Berylline hummingbird (Amazilia beryllina)
BLHU = Bumblebee hummingbird (Selasphorus heliosa)
BLUH = Blue-throated hummingbird (Lampornis clemenciae)
BTLH = Broad-tailed hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercus)
CAHU = Calliope hummingbird (Stellula calliope)
CIHU = Cinnamon hummingbird (Amazilia rutila)
COHU = Costa's hummingbird (Calypte costae)
LUHU = Lucifer hummingbird (Calothorax lucifer)
MAHU = Magnificent hummingbird (Eugenes fulgens)
PCST = Plain-capped starthroat (Heliomaster constantii)
RUHU = Rufous hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)
VCHU = Violet-crowned hummingbird (Amazilia violiceps)
WEHU = White-eared hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis)
XAHU = Xantus hummingbird (Hylocharis xantusii)

 

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